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What is Mugam?

 Mugam is an important part of Azerbaijan's traditional music. Like Azerbaijani folk music, mugam has its roots in the depths of Eastern musical culture. The melody of mugam was composed by preachers who read the Quran, the melody was composed by the music played in Iranian palaces, and the style of performance was determined by Azerbaijani ashugs. The word mugam derives from the word "makam" in Iranian-Arabic-Turkish language. The word "Makam" refers to the pitch of stringed instruments. Each mugham is so named because the main (liquid) note is located in one of the frets of the instrument.

The peoples of the Near and Middle East have had spiritual and material riches that have been interconnected for centuries. The common aspects in the musical culture of Eastern peoples are becoming more evident as a reflection of these ties. This culture was formed on the basis of communication processes in various forms and shades of the population of a large region and therefore has many significant oriental features.

Transcaucasia, which includes Azerbaijan, is part of the region that has connected the countries of the Near and Middle East since ancient times. The constant relations between the countries of this region have created many common aspects in culture and lifestyles. However, the culture of each nation has preserved its own unique characteristics. In this context, the culture and art of the Azerbaijani people with their ancient traditions are quite characteristic.

Along with the kemenche and kaval, the tar, a long-necked instrument, is one of the three important instruments used in Mugham. The body is made of solid wood. Tar is a real work of art and an integral part of Azerbaijani culture. So much so that it is depicted on coins and banknotes. It is still made today using methods passed down through generations.ğam-nədir.html


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